When a group of children politely stop a conversation with you, saying "we have to go to work now", you will be left feeling surprised and certainly uneasy (担心的). After all, this is the 21st century and the idea that children have to go to work is just unthinkable. The feeling will not disappear until you are told that they are all pupils of stage schools, and that the "work" they go off to is to go on the stage in a theatre.
Stage schools often act as agencies(代理机构) to supply children with stage and television work. Good stage schools are those few places where children attend full-time, with a training for the theatre and a general education.
A visit to such schools will give you the impression that the children enjoy themselves. How happy the children are spending only half the day doing ordinary schoolwork, and acting, singing or dancing their way through the other half of the day!
Then of course there are times for the children to make a name and make a little money in some big shows. Some stage schools give their children too much professional work at such a young age. But the law is very tight on the amount they can do. Those under 13 are limited to 40 days in a year and those over 13 to 80 days.
The schools themselves admit that not all children will be successful in the profession for which they are being trained. So what happens to those who don’t make it? Although all the leading schools say they pay much attention to their study results, the facts seem to suggest this is not always the case.
( )1. People would stop feeling uneasy when realizing that the children they’re talking to ________.
A. attend a stage school
B. are going to the theatre
C. have got some work to do
D. love singing and dancing
( )2. In the author’s opinion, a good stage school should________.
A. produce good performers
B. help pupils improve their study skills
C. train pupils in language and performing arts
D. provide a general education and stage training
( )3. Which of the following best describes how the author feels about stage schools?
A. He thinks highly of what they have to offer.
B. He prefers an early start in the training of performing arts.
C. He feels happy that children put on night shows.
D. He doubts the standard of ordinary education they have reached.
One summer my friend and I decided to go to Italy for a holiday and we decided to travel there without turning to a travel agency. Because you would be submerged (淹没) in crowds of tourists and lose lots of opportunities to get familiar with the country more closely.
The trip was not very long but it was still very impressive. We look forward to going there again! Of course, we spent lots of time arranging the trip, but it was well worth it! Of course I was afraid that something would go wrong and I was especially anxious about my visa (签证), but everything went quite smoothly in the end.
The most difficult part was getting a visa without an invitation. In the Italian consulate (领事馆), one must hand in some official paper proving that one has a hotel booked for oneself in order to get the visa. Then we had to solve the ticket problem. Airlines often sell cheap tickets and we bought ours far in advance. The next step was to book a hotel. We finally booked a hotel about 30km away from the heart of Rome and it was the perfect choice for our trip.
Every day we took a train carrying us to the heart of Rome. Our big house, which was surrounded by the forest, was like a lovely girl enjoying the fresh air. Beautiful views, hospitable(好客的) hosts, comfortable living conditions delighted us to no end. Besides, we were very lucky that our mistress(女主人) was Russian. She gave us a lot of helpful advice.
Don’t be afraid to arrange your trip by yourself. It’s not difficult! The only thing I’ll say right now is that we really enjoyed traveling by ourselves. We walked with a map and a guide to wherever we wanted and we even met some of our countrymen on the way two or three times.
( )4. Why does the author want to go to Italy again?
A. Because he had a great time there.
B. Because Italy has a lot of attractions.
C. Because his friends invited him there.
D. Because he didn’t stay in Italy long enough.
( )5. What does the author think was the hardest in preparing for his Italian trip?
A. Buying cheap airline tickets to Italy before the traveling.
B. Getting a visa without an invitation from the Italian consulate.
C. Booking a comfortable hotel by himself in Rome.
D. Solving the ticket problem far in advance.
( )6. In the fourth paragraph the author mainly explains________.
A. the reason why he chose to live in the center of Rome
B. the reason why the hotel he booked was the right choice
C. what transport they chose to travel on their Italian trip
D. the reason why the mistress gave them some advice
( )7. From the text we can know the author ________.
A. enjoys traveling everywhere in the world
B. likes being helped by tour guides
C. advises us to arrange trips by ourselves
D. met with a lot of his countrymen in Italy
Inland waters may be grouped into two general classes: standing waters and flowing waters. As is often the case, the boundary (分界线) between these two classes is not sharp and clear. A pond is an example of standing waters. But most ponds are fed by springs or brooks (小溪) and most have an outlet (出口). Thus some water flows through them. At the same time, a river is an example of flowing waters. In some places, however, a river may flow so slowly that it is very difficult to notice.
Standing inland waters are different in size, in age, and in many abiotic environmental characteristics. The size can be different from roadside puddles to the Caspian Sea. Puddles may last for only a few days or weeks; ponds, for a few hundred to a thousand years. In general, lakes are older, though the water of some lakes disappears completely during each dry season. Standing waters vary from very shallow to very deep, from clear to muddy, from fresh to salty.
For flowing waters we roughly find the differences between brooks and rivers. The size and age of flowing waters are not important. Speed of flow, clearness, oxygen content, and other chemical characteristics are used by scientists to study flowing waters.
( )8. According to the passage, which of the following characteristics of flowing waters is unimportant?
A. The length. B. The size.
C. Speed of flow. D. Oxygen content.
( )9. The underlined word "abiotic" in Paragraph 2 probably means "______".
A. non-living B. living C. damp D. mild
( )10. Which of the following is TRUE?
A. Usually the water in a river flows into a pond.
B. Scientists only study flowing waters.
C. Usually ponds last much longer than puddles.
D. The Caspian Sea is considered as an example of flowing waters.
( )11. This passage mainly tells us that ______.
A. there are two major classes of inland waters
B. lakes and rivers are flowing waters
C. the age and size of flowing waters are important
D. ponds and brooks are standing waters
What makes you laugh? A person from the US might answer that question a bit differently than someone from the UK - at least, that’s what people probably believe.
According to popular belief, British people laugh at mean jokes, especially ones that insult(侮辱) the person telling the joke. For example, a comedian friend of mine tells the following joke: "My name is Paul Creasy and I’m very sorry about that." He’s putting himself down by apologizing for his own name. This is a very British sort of joke.
However, Americans are believed to dislike cruel jokes. They’re also believed to dislike irony (讽刺) - when joke tellers say one thing but mean something else. For example, if it were raining outside, it would be ironic to say, "This weather is beautiful! Let’s have a picnic!" People are likely to believe that Americans don’t understand irony and have difficulty joking with British people.
In my experience, however, these differences are not actually true.
Plenty of US comedy is mean and ironic. For example, one popular US comedy event is the Comedy Central Roast, a TV show focusing on one famous actor or performer, in which that person’s friends take turns to make fun of him or her.
The most recent Comedy Central Roast was for the actor James Franco. Comedian Natasha Leggero said the following, "James Franco - acting, teaching, directing, writing, producing, photography, soundtracks(电影主题曲制作), editing - is there anything you can do?" Other jokes were even meaner than that. Looking at Franco, actor Seth Rogen said, "You look like you’re asleep. Did you just read a book by James Franco?"
Meanwhile, throughout my life I’ve made lots of friends from the UK. I’ve always loved joking with them, especially with Paul.
So maybe in the globalized society, these differences don’t actually exist anymore. Am I missing something? Oh, that’s right - I’m American, so I must be missing the joke!
( )12. We can learn from the first three paragraphs that________.
A. British people and Americans share a similar sense of humor
B. an American is likely to make a joke saying one thing but meaning something else
C. British people dislike cruel jokes
D. it’s popular belief that British people and Americans enjoy different kinds of jokes
( )13. James Franco’s friends made fun of him by suggesting that he _______.
A. is interested in writing B. does not work hard
C. does not act well D. is not talented
( )14. The author mainly intends to tell us that________.
A. British people like to make fun of people, while Americans don’t
B. there are some misunderstandings about Americans’ sense of humor
C. Americans are now copying British people’s way of making jokes
D. Americans often don’t understand British people’s jokes about their friends
( )15. The author proves his point mainly by ______.
A. making comparisons
B. raising questions
C. giving examples
D. bringing out the facts and reasons
Now that I am no longer young, I have friends whose mothers have passed away. I have heard these sons and daughters say they never fully appreciated their mothers 21 it was too late to tell them. I am lucky that my dear mother is still alive. I 22 her more each day. My mother does not change, but I 23 . As I grow older and wiser, I realize 24 a great person she is. How 25 that I am unable to speak these words in her 26 , but they flow easily from my pen.
How does a daughter begin to thank her 27 for life itself? For the love, patience and just the plain hard work that goes into 28 a child? For running after a toddler (初学走路的小孩), for 29 a changeable teenager, for tolerating a college student who knows 30 ? For waiting for the day when a daughter 31 how wise her mother really is?
How does a 32 woman thank a mother for 33 to be a mother? For being ready 34 advice when asked or remaining 35 when she is not needed? For not saying, "I told you so," when she could have repeated these words 36 times? For being 37 herself - loving, thoughtful, patient, and forgiving?
I don’t know how, dear God, except asking you to bless (祝福) her as sincerely as she 38 and helping me live up to the example she has 39 . I pray that I will look as good in the eyes of my children as my mother 40 in mine.
( )21. A. as B. that C. until D. when
( )22. A. approve B. appreciate
C. need D. handle
( )23. A. do B. have C. did D. will
( )24. A. how B. that C. who D. what
( )25. A. sad B. delighted
C. severe D. enjoyable
( )26. A. absence B. presence
C. appearance D. existence
( )27. A. child B. mother
C. father D. teenager
( )28. A. raising B. rising
C. developing D. training
( )29. A. fastening B. thrilling
C. rejecting D. understanding
( )30. A. anything B. something
C. everything D. nothing
( )31. A. suspects B. discovers
C. treats D. realizes
( )32. A. pretty B. foolish
C. proud D. grown
( )33. A. failing B. intending
C. continuing D. stopping
( )34. A. by B. for C. to D. on
( )35. A. silent B. fit C. cool D. wise
( )36. A. a number B. number of
C. a number of D. the number of
( )37. A. firmly B. naturally
C. roughly D. tightly
( )38. A. attracts B. assists
C. deserves D. announces
( )39. A. set B. settled
C. placed D. fixed
( )40. A. sees B. finds C. is D. looks
John Snow was a famous doctor in London, 41 thought about helping ordinary people. At that time, cholera, a severe disease, made people 42 (expose) to death. Thousands of people died 43 time there was an outbreak. Neither its cause 44 its cure was understood. There were two theories then: a cloud of dangerous gas found its victims; people 45 (absorb) the disease into their bodies with their meals. He believed in 46 second theory but he needed evidence. So he collected information to prove which theory was correct. He looked into the source of the water for two streets. He found the cause of cholera was the 47 (pollute) water. Because the information showed that the dirty water carried cholera. He defeated cholera 48 examining the water supply and dealing with the dirty water. To their joy, the water companies 49 (instruct) not to expose people to the dirty water any more. 50 (final), "King Cholera" was defeated.
41. __________________ 42. __________________
43. __________________44. __________________
45. __________________ 46. __________________
47. __________________ 48. __________________
49. __________________ 50. __________________
Yesterday my aunt went shopping and asked me to take care of my two little lovely cousins. I was busy for my homework, so I let them to read picture books by themselves. Moments later, I found the pages of a book tearing and lying all over the floor. When I asked them whom did that, the elder sister slow nodded and bent down her head. Seen that she was truly sorry, I just smiled, gave her some biscuit and told her not to do that again. When his younger brother saw the biscuits, he asked why he was given any. She answered, "You didn’t tear out the pages of the book, so I did."